IRIB at a glance
In the Present age , employment of Radio and TV as two fast and at
the same time accessible media serves as a social necessity. It is
also considered as an inseparable part of the modern life. In fact ,
if any one is left behind , he/she would be totally omitted from the
The political and social changes of the recent years in the
different parts of the world signify the outbreak of intensifying
media war ,focusing on winning the public opinion .It also
concentrates on intended drastic changes in culture and life styles
of the listeners and viewers , specifically in the Middle East
.Hence, the active and effective presence of the Islamic Republic of
Iran Broadcasting( IRIB)in this battle field requires the planning
and intelligent management so that it would pave the ground for
surmounting the obstacles as well as taking full advantage of
opportunities to achieve its own goals.
Due to their attractions and their undeniable existence in the lives
of the listeners and viewers , TV and Radio can affect the
personalities, ideologies ,behaviors and finally the cultural and
social contexts of a given society in terms of contents and messages
Apparently at the status quo when the supranational waves and
messages have trespassed the geographical and cultural borders ,
with domineering empire of Western Media aiming for the cultural
conversion of the Independent nations specifically focusing on the
Islamic Republic of Iran, IRIB should play its key role in
strengthening the country's cultural solidarity as well as stressing
National identity together with fighting against the destructive
waves more than before , through complete preparation .The
importance of the issue can be found in the Late Imam Khomeini(Rh)'s
words : "IRIB serves to be the country's public university."
News and information systems
IRIB as the national medium has given priority to the comprehensive
and fast information system through coverage of the events inside
and out side of the country .It also has taken great steps in this
regard through expanding the news sources, and through being in
contact with the news agencies ,news sites and news systems and the
international systems all around the world. The organization
annually provides the viewers and the listeners inside and out side
the country with more than fifty thousand hours of news and
information. IRIB' s news offices abroad while being in contact with
the world's greatest news agencies provide the News and Information
department with the latest and the most important news. Having this
All- out news coverage inside and out side the country as its duty,
the news channel broadcasts annually more than three thousand hours
of programs on the issues such as politics, economics, social and
religious affairs .
Moreover, Young Journalists' Club( known as YJC)established by
aiming at creating motivation and enthusiasm in the young generation
and taking advantage of their talents in the carrier of journalism
is responsible for more than 250,000 news items and reports. Al-Alam
international channel together with Press TV which has been
established with the aim of serving as the international information
service tries to provide the viewers with the latest news on the
national and international scale round –the- clock in Arabic and
English ,within the realm of the most countries of the world .
Iranian TV and Radio in The Early days of
The establishment of radio station in Iran has been associated with
that of Telegraph or wireless equipment. The First wireless
equipment began to work in 1926. 12 years later in 1938 , the
Organization of " Nourishment of the minds "was established in which
there was a commission called "Radio". While being involved with
regular broadcasting of music and news programs , the commission was
obligated to produce programs for the Organization as well. The
first radio transmitter began to work with transmitter with power of
20 KW short wave and a 2 KW medium wave transmitter producing 5
hours of programs located in Qasr wireless equipment center ( Today
ministry of technology and communication located in Shariati
street).Today IRIB broadcasts various programs via the powerful
transmitters installed in Tehran under the following names: Iran
Radio station ,Tehran radio station, Farhang radio station(meaning
culture) ,Javan radio station ( The Youth), Sports radio station ,Quran
radio , Mareef radio ( Islamic teachings and culture),Health radio
station ,Payam radio station , Dialogue radio station ,the familiar
voice radio station ,Business radio station ,( as the last Radio
station installed and run in late October of the current year).Each
of which follow their aims and their special mission in spreading
the news and messages to the listeners. There are also 32 provincial
centers including some other towns in which the local and provincial
transmitters provide the listeners with exclusive and regional news.
Furthermore, today, there are world service radios which broadcast
exclusive and various programs and news in more than 30 languages
and dialects namely as : English, German, French, Russian , Spanish
, Albanian , Bosnian, Italian , Turkish , Armenian , Indian,
Japanese, Urdu and Chinese .According to local time of Europe,
Americas , Asia and Africa. It is note worthy that the install and
run of the first world service transmitter dates back to 1946 .
The first TV transmitter began to work in October, 1958 with power
of 20 KW .It produced 4 hours of programs (from 18-22 PM.) Though it
was powered by the privet sector in Tehran. One year later in
September (1959)the second transmitter was put into use in Abadan.
The National Iranian TV was founded in 1966 and along with this the
first provincial TV transmitter was installed in Urmia .Since then
in a rather gradual pace the cities including Bandar Abbas, Isfahan
, Shiraz , Rasht , Kermashah, Hamedan , Khuzestan , Tabriz , Kerman
,Zahedan , Mahabad and Sanandaj began to have their own TV
transmitters so that today there are 32 provincial centers which not
only enjoy the national coverage of the national transmitter but
also they have their own provincial and local TV and Radio
transmitters. The provincial TV channels are producing and
broadcasting the different forms of programs such as TV series , the
documentaries and the local news.They do so in terms of the needs
and cultural values and customs of different regions. At the status
quo , In the Islamic Republic of Iran TV channels 1 and 2 which were
established before the Islamic Revolution have been expanded to 8 TV
channels which are as following: Channel 1 ( national
channel),Channel 2 (cultural and scientific channel)channel 3 ( for
the youth),Channel 4(for intellectuals and the educated
people),Channel 5 (is exclusively limited to Tehran), The news
channel ( The daily news) Quran and Islamic teaching ( the call of
monotheism) and education and learning channel at a national level.
In addition to establishment of Sima Film as well as creating the
center for making documentaries , Saba cultural and artistic center
(which is responsible for animation production) also provides the
animation production of the channels to some extent. There are 5
universal channels namely as : Jame jam 1, 2, 3 Al_Alam , Sahar ,
Al-Kawthar and Press TV which provide news coverage for IRIB's
listeners and viewers and Moslems all around the world.
Electronic Media and the Written Media ( The Supplementary Media)
In addition to conveying the message to the listeners and viewers
through its channels together with more than 100 sites , IRIB also
takes the advantage of the possibilities and potentials of the
written medium so that it has it's own site ( irib.ir) as its
virtual media .Its subcategories are created by each of IRIB's
channels which in turn create and spread the content in the
worldwide web .8 native TV Channels,12 native radio stations
together with 27 world service channels and 6 satellite channels in
different languages have their own sites representing the data and
information in forms of : written text, Audio and visual files, live
broadcast of the channels. Besides all this , there are also
comprehensive information all present in Irib.ir in the fields such
as religion (Quran, Hajj, prayers) medicine, education, literature,
politics and technology ,music , literature , news and information
systems .The irib site together with all of its sub parts is now
considered as one of the greatest Iranian sites visited by too many
In the written media section, Jame jam newspaper with a daily
circulation of more than 450000 is available to the readers. Jame-jam
on- line is also another way for the readers to get access to the
content of the newspaper through internet. Another part of the
IRIB's written media is presented to readers in a rather different
form: magazines and books published by the Islamic research centers
publishing house, aimed at publishing the invaluable religious
sources ,Soroush ( the publishing house of IRIB)by publishing
magazines ,weeklies, (both for the adults and the youth), monthlies
( for adolescents and for children)and quarterlies ( Soroush
Andisheh).The publishing of the books and research texts in the
field of religion, science and social affairs play important role in
supporting the content of IRIB's programs and serves as a suitable
guidance for the authors and producers of the programs ,so that they
can enrich the content of the programs .
Music and Songs
Policy making ,programming and paying attention to music production
and music broadcasting on IRIB's channels so that they will be
confirmed by the religious and cultural beliefs are among the most
critical duties of the national medium. To achieve such an aim IRIB
has taken measures to establish the Center for music and songs in
Tehran as well as the provincial centers so that music production in
the genres like classic, folk music modal and symphonic music are in
conformity with the country's national culture and religion.
The general principles of IRIB's policies are as follows :
Article 1.The majesty and supremacy of
Islam over all of the programs so that the programs which are
against Islamic criterion would be avoided.
Article2. The majesty of spirit of the
Islamic revolution as well as that of constitution over all of the
programs all of which are crystallized in the slogan of independence
,Liberty , Islamic Republic of Iran.
Article3. The fulfillment of the
Supreme Leader's point of view as the Islamic Jurisprudent
considering all sides in the TV and Radio programs in the intended
Article4. Setting the situation toward
the self-sufficiency and embodiment of the policy of "Neither East,
Nor West" in all of the fields of politics, social affairs, culture
,economics and military within the framework of the Islamic
Article5.IRIB should serve as a public
university which contributes to spreading of awareness and growth of
society in the different fields of religion, politics, social
affairs, economics , culture and military.
Article6.Appreciating the humanitarian
prestige and avoidance of any case of dishonor , through observing
the Islamic Laws.
Article7.IRIB belongs to the Iranian
nation therefore It should reflect the lives and states of country's
different tribes and social classes. It goes without saying that
within all this, the most important thing to be noticed would be the
religious Majority (Moslems) The Economic minority ( the oppressed)
and the age majority (adolescents and children.)
Article8. According to Holy verse ( The
Family of Imran, Verse 103,)of Quran : "واعتصمو به حبل الله جميعا و
لا تفرقوا" which means: (And Hold fast by the covenant of Allah
together and be not disunited.)IRIB' s main move should be in the
direction of strengthening of the society along with keeping it
united , supporting its affinity and integrity and avoiding people
Article9. Saying welcome to criticism
and the viewers and listeners' constructive suggestion and creating
a mutual communication with society as well as institutionalizing it
as a part of a whole of the social order for program enrichments.
Article10. IRIB is obligated to convey
its message as indirectly as possible within the attractive artistic
frameworks in terms of the different social classes in order to
touch the feelings and thoughts of the society.
Article11.Trying to let the
humanitarian talents flourish so that it would result in fertile
imaginations and minds.
Article12.Enforcing and boosting the
morale ,hope , trust ,hardworking ,altruism and resistance,
according to the spiritual needs of the people.
Article13.The fair TV and Radio
coverage focusing on the priorities of cultural, political and
Article14.Setting the situation for
acceleration and enforcement of the national bodies( which are
Executive, Judiciary, legislative )programs.
Article15.IRIB is an eloquent speech of the nation and at the same
time serves as the Eyes and the Ears of the country. Therefore, it
is obligated to inform the people in charge of affairs about the
needs and problems of people and at the same time to provide people
with the latest news on the legal bodies' achievements and problems
so that it can pave the ground for the mutual understanding and
profound relation among the different social classes.
IRIB's Affiliated institutes and Companies
SABA Cultural and Artistic Center
Founded in 1968
1.To meet IRIB's needs in the field of animation production for the
children and the Adolescents
2.Upgrading the level of the Iranian animation industry
quantitatively and qualitatively around the world.
3.Supporting the private companies involved in animation production.
4.Identifying and supporting the country's talented man power.
5.Conducting researches in order to achieve the advanced techniques
and the modern technologies in the field of animation and puppetry
6. Participating in activities such as accepting orders of animation
production and also co-production with the other real and legal
persons and the exchange of the visual products with native or
1.Production of the prestigious visual products in the forms of the
movies, motion films, documentaries, theater and the other visual
programs , emphasizing on Iranian values, Iranian culture , art and
2.Marketing and selling the program making services and the
laboratory made and visual products
3.Paving the ground for the all-out supporting of men of visual
industry in Iran as well as supplying the required facilities for
more active participation of the foundations and organizations in
program making process.
4.Participating in organizing the effective sources in the visual
industry as well as supporting it quantitatively and qualitatively
and promoting the level of individuals' intellect and specialty of
the manpower involved in the country's visual arts industry.
Founded in 1977
It is the company for conducting research and manufacturing the
1. Meeting the technological needs
2. Making the Radio and TV transmitters in order to achieve self
3. Providing technology and completion of researches in the field of
the digital systems as well as manufacturing the necessary equipment
needed by IRIB.
Sima Chub ( literally means Sima wood)
Founded in 1976
1.To make the required furniture together with decoration of the
office buildings ,movie theater ,conference halls and amphitheaters
ordered by IRIB and the other organizations.
2.Designing and complete supply of the equipments of the conference
halls with isolated and decorative walls as well as sound proof
ceiling construction, lighting as well as providing the solutions
for hall floors ,curtains ,……etc.
3.Designing and manufacturing of varieties of office furniture with
equipments which make the task easier for simultaneous translation.
4.Designing ,production and install of the partition walls using
Founded in 1976
1.Try to achieve the best degree of quality in terms of the
construction products and international buildings codes and
2.The constructional production according to culture and needs of
the customers as well as strengthening the buildings through using
the best materials in order to decrease the damages to the least
Soroush ( The Publishing House of IRIB)
Soroush at first began to work under the" name of Tamasha" magazine
in 1970.After the victory of the Islamic Revolution , Tamasha
,turned to 'Soroush" In another words, since 1977 The volume 395 of
Tamasha magazine was officially published under the name of Soroush
and a new emblem appeared on its cover. And soon it gained
popularity among the Iranian families.
The cultural activity of Soroush is not just limited to publishing
magazines.However; it deals with compiling ,translating printing and
publishing books of scientific, educational and cultural nature in
the fields of literature, Iranian and Islamic genuine culture and
art, the pure and applied sciences, the social sciences ,
communication and other branches of science and it is dedicated to
the aims and missions of IRIB and Islamic Revolution achievements in
Farsi and other languages. As a result
Soroush has been known as the best publisher in the 3 years
(1996,1997 and 1999).Compilation and printing the invaluable and
highly prestigious books such as Avicenna's 'Cannon of medicine
',the Holy Quran ,Baysanghori's Shanameh ,Hajviri's Kashefol Mahjub
and complete collection of the volumes of Copelstone's History of
Philosophy, Hafiz as well as Publishing the books and professional
and general magazines and public books in forms of weeklies,
monthlies ,quarterlies and the year books are just a few examples of
what is done in this publishing house. Soroush is also responsible
for printing the texts of IRIB's programs such as scenarios ,plays
as books or magazines as well as designing and printing posters
,leaflets and the official application forms.
Soroush Resaneh ( literally means Soroush
Founded in 2004
The aims and activities
1.Formation of boards of experts and advisors for achieving the
comprehensive plans of structure of the network and providing the
spatial capacities for internet based potentials.
2. Applying the experts' opinions as well as coordinating ,
providing the equipments and allocating the place to information
data bases of the interactive networks in the intended cities.
3.Applying the expert's opinions and designs of the communicative
wireless plans among the centers and headquarters and install of the
satellite equipment in order to be connected to the world wide web.
4.Creating design of the public communication system of
telecommunication ( optical fiber and E1 lines) and install of
computer equipment in the sites.
Soroush Audio and Visual Company
Founded in 1957
The aims and activities
1. 1.Creating TV and radio commercials based on the technical and
content creating principles of IRIB.
2. Production as well as reproduction of visual works of Soroush ,
Soroush Sima and Internet and supporting the IRIB's advertising
3. Taking the official agentship of several major foreign companies
in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf region.
4. Establishing the 30 agencies in the provincial centers with
5. Receiving and broadcasting of commercials while providing the
owners of commercials with services .
6. Exercising special care to appreciate the customers' rights as
well as rights of Soroush itself through observing all of the
disciplines and regulations.
7. Holding the permanent exhibition of the latest audio -visual
8. Designing and performing the professional Audio visual systems
used in studios and conference halls and amphitheater .
9. Using the latest achievements of digital technology in Radio
10. Offering after sale service, providing the spare parts and
professional systems repairs , upkeeps as well as offering
vocational education services and professional advisory systems in
choosing the professional and sophisticated systems and equipments.